Meet the Nissan Testarossa. Or is it the Nissan NSX? Call it what you want. It was an important testbed for new tech.

Name: Nissan MID4, MID4 Type II (with “MID” being an abbreviation for “Mid-Engine Four-Wheel Drive”)

Debuted: 1985 Frankfurt Motor Show, 1987 Tokyo Motor Show

Specs for MID4: 3.0-litre V6 with 245 horsepower, all-wheel drive, four-wheel steering, fully independent adjustable suspension, five-speed manual gearbox

Specs for MID4 Type II: engine was upgraded to a biturbo 3.0-litre V6 with 330 hp

Why We Remember Them Now:

Both concepts heralded some technological developments that were later implemented in a multitude of road-going models, which also inherited a few of the design cues.

First up, the original MID4 was envisioned back in the day as Nissan’s direct answer to Ferrari Testarossa. You can see that even in the styling approach, especially when looking at the right-hand drive red prototype introduced later. It was engineered as a full-blooded performance car with the design to match its go-fast credentials.


Its V6 engine positioned just behind the seats sent 245 hp to an all-wheel drive system through a five-speed manual gearbox, with 33 percent of the power going to the front axle and the 67 percent channeled to the rear wheels. The concept’s AWD system eventually found its way in the legendary third-gen GT-R (R32) introduced in 1987 and nicknamed “Godzilla” by Australian motoring publication Wheels.

The grippy AWD setup wasn’t the concept’s only ace up its sleeve as the MID4 was also the very first car from Nissan to feature a four-wheel steering system. That one too was fine-tuned and adapted to production cars, such as the 300ZX.

More from the series:

In 1987, the MID4 evolved to become a more production-ready Type II concept with a substantially modified design resembling the Honda NSX. Though to be fair, the latter was introduced a couple of years later, specifically at the 1989 Chicago Auto Show.

Aside from going through a cosmetic surgery, the updated MID4 — of which three were ever made — received a more powerful biturbo 3.0-litre V6 engine with 330 hp in a sports car that tipped the scales at a low 1,400 kilograms.

Although it would have turned out to be considerably cheaper than Porsches and Ferraris of those days, Nissan ultimately decided to axe the MID4 out of concerns it would've been too expensive to make.

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